Eczema Eczema is a chronic skin disorder characterized by itching rashes, which may be red, scaly, dry, or leathery. There may be skin blisters with oozing and crusting. Eczema usually occurs for the first time in infants, with rashes typically occurring on the cheeks, elbows or knees. Eczema, although often less of a problem in adulthood, can persist, especially if a person is exposed to allergens or chemical irritants or is under stress. In adults, eczema is commonly located on the inner elbow or behind the knee. People with eczema frequently have family members with asthma, hay fever, or eczema.
Studies suggest that babies at high risk for allergic disorders such as eczema have different types and numbers of bacteria in their digestive tracts than other babies, and that probiotic supplements taken by pregnant women and children may reduce the occurrence eczema in children. In addition to the use of probiotics to prevent eczema, probiotics have also been explored as a treatment for infants and children who already have eczema. Some studies have found that probiotics alleviate symptoms of eczema only in infants and children who are sensitized to food allergens Probiotics are live microbial organisms naturally found in the digestive tract. They are thought to suppress the growth of potentially harmful bacteria, influence immune function, and strengthen the digestive tract's protective barrier.
Other nutrients that may strengthen the skin against problems include zinc, omega 6 seed oils, vitamin A and Vitamin D. Vitamin E, Aloe Vera, Neem oil and Buckthorn oil can be used to improve moisturising of the skin topically. Omega 7 fatty acid can improve dry skin conditions.
Determining food intolerances or sensitivities has often proved helpful at controlling eczema and especially for young children. Any challenge to the development of the gut environment and bacterial balance in a young child or infant may affect an allergy or food intolerance. The early introduction of formula milks may be problematic in this respect and breast fed babies( taken to at least 6 months) are considered to exhibit less eczema. These infants will generally have lower levels of vitamin D and supplements are suggested to compensate. Eczema may induce stress and stress is known to exacerbate the occurrence of eczema. Therefore stress relieving therapies or remedies may help in the management of eczema.